Culinary Herbs


Genovese Basil

potted basil

Source: Richters Herbs

Classic Italian basil – best for pesto. Most productive variety in trials with a high leaf to stem ratio. Uniform, slow to bolt. Fertilize regularly if grown in a pot – it is a heavy feeder. Genovese basil has also played a role in many cultures. In Italy, it is considered a sign of love. Women who are ready to receive a suitor might put out a pot of basil as a sign of their willingness.   Average Height: 1-2 feet


Tall Utah Celery

utah tall celery

Source:  Seed Savers Exchange

The crisp, string-less 12″ stalks of this variety impart a light, refreshing flavor to soups and stocks. The vigorous 24-30″ plants have deep-green leaves, light-green stalks, and compact hearts. Biennial, 100 days.


Cilantro (Slow Bolt and Pot)

Cilantro

Source: Richters Herbs

Slow Bolt Cilantro will thrive in your garden, in a nice cool spot. Pot Cilantro was developed to grow in a container.
The fresh leaves are called Cilantro and the seeds are a spice called Coriander. Used as a garnish in Southeast Asian food, and as an ingredient of Thai green curry paste. In Mexican cooking, it is used in salsas and guacamole. When used in cooking, cilantro should be added in the last few minutes so it doesn’t lose its flavor.


Monia Dill

Monia Dill

Source: Richters Herbs

Fragrant heads produce many seeds. Abundant long-lasting foliage, great for canning or fresh use. Shorter uniform plants are the best variety for pots.
In early spring it is used for its leaves and then later in fall for its seeds. Each part of the plant has its own characteristics and properties. With its crisp grassy taste, dill leaves, or “dill weed” as it is called, is a natural to be paired with fish, mild cheeses, egg dishes, vegetable dishes and cream sauces. Average Height: 18 inches


Munstead Lavender

Munstead Lavender

Source: Hillcrest Nursery

Dwarf version of English Lavender. Grey-green foliage clusters with short spikes of violet flowers, which are used as a culinary herb.  Grown in the vegetable garden, the flowers serve to attract beneficial insects. Average Height: 6-12 inches


Mojito Mint

mojito mint

Source: Hillcrest Nursery

The mojito, made with rum, sugar, lime juice and Cuba’s unique mojito mint, is now an essential staple of cocktail lounges everywhere. While recipes call for any available variety of spearmint, the real mojito can only be made with the true mojito mint. It is clearly different from most other mints — its scent and flavor are agreeably mild and warm, not pungent nor overly sweet like other mints. Like all mints it is easy to grow and will happily provide more than enough fresh sprigs for your mojitos. Average Height: 18-24 inches


Peppermint

peppermint2

Source: Hillcrest Nursery

A refreshing alternative to coffee and regular tea. Excellent for stomach indigestion. Lends its spiciness to many dishes. I like to chew on fresh leaves for a quick breath freshener or stomach soother. Average Height: 18- 24 inches


Spearmint

peppermint

Source: Hillcrest Nursery

A robust grower with large leaves, great for jelly, juleps and Mojitos! Dried leaves make a refreshing, stomach soothing tea. It has been used for centuries to relieve headaches, coughs, nervousness and digestion problems.

Best grown in pots or tubs for control of its tendency to take over. It likes moist, rich soil, but will survive less inviting habitats. Average Height: 18-24 inches


Greek Oregano

greek oregano

Source: Hillcrest Nursery

This is the true oregano collected wild in the mountains of Greece. White flowers; very hardy. Flavor companion for tomato dishes, beef, lamb and salad dressing.
Medicinally, oregano has many anti-bacterial properties which make it a tasty way to fight infections in the body. Average Height: 10-14 inches


Curled Parsley

curled parsley

Source: Richters Herbs

This is the variety that is used as a garnish, but don’t leave it on your plate. It clears the pallet, freshens breath and aids digestion. This short-stemmed parsley is also high in vitamins and minerals. It has bright green, deeply-cut, finely-divided leaves. Parsley is quite cold hardy and stays green and harvestable through much of the winter, even in Wisconsin. It can be grown in herb pots, or even grown inside in a very bright spot. Average Height: 8-14 inches


Italian Flat Leaf Parsley

flat leafed parsley

Source: Richters Herbs

Introduced around 1806. This parsley has a concentrated flavor, stronger than the curly variety, and large, dark-green, glossy leaves.
Indispensable for Italian and Middle-Eastern cooking.
I have had plants survive the winter when in a protected location. If you want to take indoors for the winter, grow in a pot from the beginning – doesn’t transplant well once established. Average Height: 12-18 inches


Rosemary

roesmary

Source: Hillcrest Nursery

A Mediterranean native, it is said to increase the rate at which blood is supplied to body tissues, and therefore to be good for the brain and memory. Used with meat, fish, poultry or game of any sort. Wonderful addition to potato dishes as well. Its piney aroma, dark green leaves, and blue flowers make it a most attractive herb.  Height: 18 inches to 5 feet


Garden Sage

Sage

Source: Richters Herbs

Perennial sage has been grown and used as a culinary flavoring since Roman times. The broad, fragrant, gray-green leaves have a strong, lemony flavor.   Leaves are used in fish, pork and poultry dishes. Also with vegetables and in sausages. Average Height: 8-18 inches


English Thyme

thyme

Source: Hillcrest Nursery

One of the most versatile herbs used in cooking and can be used to season any meat or vegetable. The pepper-like taste also makes a great addition to egg dishes, beans and pasta.
Thyme has a long history of use in natural medicine in connection with chest and respiratory problems including coughs, bronchitis, and chest congestion. It is high in several vitamins and anti-oxidants.  Average Height: 16-24 inches